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OPINION: Why a ‘posto fisso’ work contract continues to be the Italian dream

The dream of many Italians is to safe a everlasting job contract both within the public or personal sector – ideally within the public sector – and I do know this fixation baffles many foreigners. 

There’s a widespread perception, based mostly on actuality, that when you’re a public worker hardly something might trigger you to lose your job.

The general public sector is most well-liked to the personal just because it ensures a extra secure, safe life-long job that makes households assured about their future, and capable of look forward with optimism and make plans.

The state doesn’t normally hearth workers (until you do one thing extraordinarily dangerous), and even the personal sector decides layoffs provided that there are very sound causes, as a result of contracts and commerce unions defend workers.

There may be an obsession in Italy with the so-called posto fisso, which means a everlasting job, even when the workforce has emigrate throughout the nation.

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The truth that one of these job is the dream of most freshly graduated younger folks has loads to do with household training and mentality.

Many Italian dad and mom educate their kids on the life-mission of securing a posto fisso, a bit like marrying, shopping for a home and having children. And so kids develop up with this final purpose of their thoughts, and the idea that having a everlasting job with all the advantages, the paid pension schemes, paid holidays, illness days and severance pay would make their life excellent.

Historic post office building in Italy

A everlasting job contract within the public sector is the dream of many Italian graduates. Picture by Sara Cudanov on Unsplash

It will give them whole safety, and is seen like stare in una botte di ferro (actually which means “being in an iron barrel”).

Italy has one of many world’s highest charges of spending on social safety (second solely to France, in response to the OECD), and annually extra assets are earmarked. This has additionally impacted on the strategy in direction of work. Everybody desires a slice of the (public) pie.

It nonetheless astonishes me listening to many younger folks chatting on the seaside about securing that everlasting job, even when it’s not what they like, however they’ve already calculated what they are going to be incomes through the years, and what their pension would doubtless be.

Italians usually don’t have a lot of an entrepreneurial spirit of ‘let’s reside life, and work, as an journey’. There’s a little bit of a negativity round going freelance or registering as self-employed, changing into a libero professionista, for it’s seen as scary and yielding a extremely unstable and insecure future solely based mostly on what you earn, which is basically by no means a hard and fast quantity every month.

In contrast to overseas, Italian dad and mom don’t all assist libera professione (self-employment) and most would relatively see their children calm down with a protected job contract. Distant staff and freelancers are sometimes seemed down upon in comparison with these with a posto fisso, as if there existed an intangible work hierarchy fabricated from unreachable privileges.

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Many mates of mine received the long-coveted posto fisso as a result of their dad and mom had been retiring and managed to alternate their retirement with a everlasting job for his or her child throughout the identical agency or public physique.

Police, nurse, firefighter, trainer and public administration jobs are probably the most wished, as a result of they’re for all times. To get kicked out you will need to do one thing very horrible as a result of the kind of contract secures your place.

It doesn’t matter what it takes to land a posto fisso. Many mates of mine needed to relocate to different cities, both within the very north, or within the very south, to have the ability to later discover a everlasting job in Rome, as an example as a center faculty trainer.

There was one girl who, so as to educate on her native island off Rome’s coast the place she lived, needed to go all the way in which to work in a Basilicata faculty to get the job she wished 10 years in a while her dwelling island.

Typically freshly-hired younger folks should commute for a whole bunch of kilometres per day simply to work fuori sede (out of the world) for a couple of years earlier than touchdown a place in their very own province.

Train station in Rome, Italy

Younger Italian graduates usually should commute for a whole bunch of kilometres every single day simply to work. Picture by Chad Greiter on Unsplash

A scuba diver good friend of mine who works within the hearth brigade toured 9 northern cities so as to lastly calm down in his native Sicily the place he might put to make use of his diving abilities in deep Sicilian waters, relatively than climbing frozen bushes in Treviso to rescue cats.

Public jobs include enormous ‘competitions’ (concorsi pubblici) with 1000’s of candidates for just some hundred, or much less, accessible locations. The numbers are spectacular as a result of the state should permit everybody who meets the required standards to take part – however then simply the fortunate ones make it by, after which they usually find yourself on ready lists anyway.

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Each time I go a significant Carabinieri army police station in Rome I see younger folks lined up for exams and so they actually have depressing faces, having traveled most likely a whole bunch of miles that very same day.

State exams for certified professions corresponding to legal professionals are additionally large when it comes to candidates. The associated fee to the state is comparatively low in comparison with the money and time candidates should waste on participating, on condition that they usually should pay to entry state exams.

However there’s additionally the opposite facet of the coin: exploiting ‘geography’ can turn out to be useful. Surprisingly, attending a state examination to turn into a lawyer in sure distant southern areas the place there are few candidates, thus much less competitors and simpler assessments, will increase the possibilities of passing these exams.

Many individuals I do know who failed the state examination for legislation in Rome after three consecutive makes an attempt finally handed it in deepest Molise or Abruzzo. They then went again to Rome or Milan to work in some fancy legal professional workplace.

I don’t suppose Italians will ever recover from the posto fisso obsession – until advantage and entrepreneurship are extra successfully supported with focused insurance policies.



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